Modern day Berlin is the centre of many world famous tourist attractions. Throughout the summer months visitors flock to these attractions. Berlin is the third most visited tourist place in the world; where around 135 million visitors travel to Berlin each year. Berlin also has one of the largest gay communities in Europe. This article will help you to identify 5 top tourist attractions in Berlin.
1) Brandenburg Gate:
The Brandenburg Gate is a sign of independence and harmony and is famous all over the world. It was made during the reign of Frederick William II. The gate guides a person through to the Imperial Palace.
The iconic Brandenburg Gate.
2) Checkpoint Charlie:
The East German Government created the Berlin Wall in 1961 to separate East from West. After the wall was built, President John F. Kennedy instructed the U.S army to make three checkpoints at diverse positions in the wall. Checkout Charlie became the most prominent of the three checkpoints. The checkpoint is open to travelers from 9.00 am to 11.00 pm each day.
3) Museum Island:
Museum Island is the place of several ofBerlin’s top museums; such as, thePergamonMuseum, the Neues Museum, theAltesMuseum, the Alte Nationalgalerie and the Bode museum. Also located there is the Berliner Dom, a church of the Hohenzollern family which was constructed in 1894.
4) CharlottenBurg Palace:
The biggest palace in Berlin is the CharlottenBurg Palace. The innovative, middle part was made between 1695 and1699 and was the summer house for Sophie Charlotte, who was the wife of the creator of the Brandenburg Gate, Frederic III. Recently the palace interior has been wonderfully restored and modernized. The regal rooms are open for guests, for instance the Oak Gallery which is sectioned with oak and lined with work of arts is publically viewable. The porcelain gallery designed with mirrors is also viewable, this provides an outstanding exhibition of Chinese porcelain.
5) Berlin Zoo:
Alexander von Hurnboldt was the founder of the Berlin Zoo. It is a large public park in the middle of theBerlinand covers the south western part of the Tergarten. The zoo has two entry points, one is located at the Hardenbargerplatz which is recognized as the Lion Gate since it is bordered by two little buildings with the figures of sleeping lions.
The Elephant Gate entrance to the Berlin Zoo.6) Reichstag
The Reichstag building was reopened when the Federal Government was moved to Berlin. This building, located on the Mauerstreifen, the military zone between the two sides of the Wall, remained closed off to visitors for a number of years, but it has been open to tourists for quite some time. Visitors can look out from this building’s beautiful glass dome to get an amazing view of the entire city. There are lots of different government buildings in the area where the Reichstag is located, including the Bundeskanzleramt (Federal Chancellery) as well as the Brandenburg Gate. If you want to visit a truly historical building and get a bird’s eye view of Berlin while you are visiting, this is definitely the place to go.
7) Holocaust Memorial
The famous and expansive Holocaust Memorial is located near the Brandenburg Gate and is a very powerful tribute to all of the lives that were lost as a direct result of Hitler’s notorious extermination plan. There are 2,711 slabs arranged over a total of 205,000 square feet. Each of these stones is unique, some of which are ankle high and others that go as far up as six feet. There are paths in between these slabs, creating a disorienting effect for those who walk them. This memorial does not have a set pattern and visitors can feel free to walk in any direction they want through these many stones. There is an underground information center located at the base of the memorial, providing visitors with information along with personal stories of the people who were impacted by the events of the Holocaust.
8) Europe’s Largest Department Store
North Mitte is the ultimate shopping district for those who want a huge selection of boutiques and independent retailers to choose from while they are visiting in Berlin. Vintage clothing as well as a variety of other things can be found in Prenzlauer Berg. The Humana chain of second hand stores also has quite a bit to offer for those who are looking for some truly amazing deals on good quality clothes. Friedrichstrabe is the street to visit when you are looking for some of the biggest name designer stores along with KaDeWe and the largest department store Europe has to offer. This department store offers a lot of different shops, many of which are reasonably priced and perfect for tourists on a budget.
9) The Berlin Philharmonic
If you want a truly memorable cultural experience while you are visiting Germany, the Berlin Philharmonic can provide you with exactly what you need. The Philharmoniker tour quite a bit and are currently being conducted by Sir Simon Rattle of Britain, who is responsible for the classical and contemporary sound of these symphony orchestras. The concert hall that this orchestra plays in was originally designed by Hans Scharoun, and it is a famous yellow building with a sleek 1960s look.
10) Olympic Stadium
The Olympiastadion is a real treat for those who like unique architecture. This building is a grandiose sight indeed, and its ultimate claim to fame was during the 1936 Olympics, which were originally intended to be the perfect opportunity for the National Socialist Party to show off the superiority of the Ayran race. Instead, the black athlete Jesse Owens ended up winning a total of four gold medals, essentially disproving the fuehrer’s ideas about racial superiority in front of countless people and the media. This stadium is a great place to visit if you are looking for a great sight to see and something fun to do. All kinds of big events are held at the Olympic Stadium and it draws large crowds of thousands each year.